Project Sammaan signed MoUs with the municipal corporations of Bhubaneswar and Cuttack in January 2012, officially kicking off the project
The baseline survey launched in Cuttack and collected household-level information on water and hygiene practices, access to and usage of toilet facilities in greater detail, health information, social interactions, habit formation and openness to change.
Construction broke ground in 3 sites in Bhubaneswar in January 2016. The construction process continued in batches over the course of one and a half years.
Each site’s 3-member manager team was provided a 3-day training in operations and maintenance by the Project Sammaan team. The first training was conducted for managers from 3 sites in Bhubaneswar.
As a public-community partnership, each Sammaan management committee signed an agreement with their local municipality outlining key responsibilities for both parties, and guaranteeing per-month grant funding from the municipality. This agreement template and associated funding was approved by both municipalities in April 2017.
The first Project Sammaan community toilet opened in Cuttack on May 24, 2017. This was preceded by a festive official inauguration attended by community members and local government representatives.
Project Sammaan conducted its 12th O&M training for managers, during which the 100th Sammaan manager was trained.
The 20th Sammaan facility opened in February 2018 and the 100,000th use was recorded in the Project Sammaan mobile application.
A half a million uses were recorded in the Sammaan mobile application by August 2018, across the 27 facilities that were open and operational at the time.
The endline survey was conducted between 6 – 12 months after facility opening and contained questions on health, water, hygiene, sanitation, disgust, frequency of Sammaan toilet usage, and toilet facility-related preferences.
As the final step of our phase out process in each community, the Project Sammaan team conducts a final handover meeting in the community with managers, community leaders, users, and local government representatives. Final feedback and recommendations are shared, signaling the wrap up of Project Sammaan support. The first handover was conducted in December 2019.
The last use was recorded in the Sammaan application on January 5, 2020 with a final usage total of 965,700 uses across 36 sites. The policy toolkit was also launch to disseminate learnings and resources to other researchers and practitioners.