The design is an outcome of a long field research, analysis of existing community toilets and extensive stakeholder interactions that helped to understand and develop a set of design principles, which have guided the design of toilet structures. Facilities have been designed to be more open with more natural light, with provisions for larger stalls for defecation, bathing and clothes washing, besides specially designed disabled friendly stalls. Adequate provisions were made for water supply and sewage disposal in all toilet facilities, along with facility level professional branding system.
Some key characteristics of Project Sammaan Community Toilets are:
- User-centric design (accustomed to local habits)
- Gender-segregated facilities
- Universal Access (ergonomics for special needs, children, etc.)
- Sustained supply of water (with facility to store large volumes of water)
- Improved septic tank
- Menstrual waste management
- Sustained supply of electricity (with ‘floating roof’ concept, to reduced lighting needs and associated electricity consumption bills)
- Space for Caretaker(s)
- Provision of value added services (like shops, advertisements, etc.)
12 different toilet typologies have been devised, to suit varying site requirements, like quantum of land available, number of facility users to be served, facilities to be provided, etc.